العنف ضد المرأة

العنف ضد المرأة

تبرز لنا سارة اللمكي في تدوينتها هذه الوضع الحالي للعنف ضد المرأة ضمن جدول أعمال الصحة العالمية، وتناقش الحاجة للتركيز على نقاطٍ نوعيةٍ تستهدف “العنف” ضمن أنظمة العمل لما بعد عام 2015، للتوصل إلى تحقيق المساواة بين الجنسين. (ترجمتها للعربية: زينة المحايري) العنف ضد المرأة…هل يكفي ما قوم به؟ مع ختام الدورة السنوية الثامنة والخمسين للجنة المعنية بوضع المرأة (CSW58) لا يسع المرء إلا أن يتساءل عن سبب عدم ذكر العنف ضد المرأة بشكلٍ محدد، ولماذا لم يحتل الصدارة موضوع العنف ضد المرأة في جدول الأعمال. وانصب التركيز هذا العام على “التحديات والإنجازات في تطبيق الأهداف التنموية للألفية من أجل النساء والفتيات”، وعلى الرغم من اعتراف الأمين العام للأمم المتحدة بأن الأهداف التنموية للألفية “محدودة وتنحرف عن الرؤية الكاملة لحقوق النساء والفتيات المنصوص عليها في الاتفاقيات العالمية الرئيسية”؛ فقد ظلّ المؤتمر متجاهلاً ولم يرتكز بشكل مرجو على أحد العناصر الأساسية في هذا الانحراف، ألا وهو العنف ضد المرأة. ولم يمر هذا الإغفال دون أن يلحظه أحد، بل قوبل بموجةٍ من التعليقات في المدونات والمقالات ومن متابعي المؤتمر. 2,8,9وطالبت منظمات متنوعة بأهداف نوعية وأكثر استهدافاً للمساواة بين الجنسين، تركز بالتحديد على العنف ضد المرأة، للتأكد من عدم ضياع هذه النقطة الخاصة في خضم الانشغال بمهمة ضمان حقوق النساء والفتيات الشّاقة. خارج المؤتمر توُجد وفرةٌ من الحملات، والبرامج، ومطالبات التحرّك، والأدبيات والأبحاث حول العنف ضد المرأة، وجميعها ضمن نطاق واسع لا نهاية له من المصادر الساعية لإيجاد الحل الإصلاحي الأمثل، لكن بدون جدوى. وبقيت الأرقام خلال العقود القليلة الماضية في حالة ركود، وبصورةٍ صاعقة توقعت منظمة الصحة العالمية أن 35% من النساء حول العالم سيواجهن نوعاً من أنواع العنف ضدهن. 2 إن ذلك كله يطرح تساؤلاً: كيف يمكننا التقدم في حين...
Violence Against Women & Looking Beyond the MDGs

Violence Against Women & Looking Beyond the MDGs

  Sara Al Lamki looks at the current status of violence against women within the global health agenda, and argues the need for a specific goal targetting violence in the post-2015 framework if gender parity is to be achieved. Violence Against Women – Are we doing enough? With the conclusion of the 58th session of the annual Commission on the Status of Women (CSW58) now over, one cannot help but wonder why violence against women (VAW) was not specifically addressed, and not on the very top of the agenda. The focus for this year was “Challenges and achievements in the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for women and girls”, and while the UN Secretary General conceded that the MDG targets are “narrow and misaligned from the full spectrum of women’s and girls’ rights set out in key global agreements” the conference still neglected to place a major focus on one of the key contributors to this misalignment – VAW. This omission has not gone unnoticed, to a flurry of comments from blogs, focus pieces and followers of the conference.2,8,9 Varying organisations have called for a more specific and targeted Goal for Gender Equality that specifies targets on VAW to ensure it is not engulfed by the mammoth task that is ensuring rights for women and girls. Outside of the conference, there are a plethora of campaigns, programmes, calls for action, literature, and research on VAW– an endless spectrum of resources trying to find the best fix, with no such luck. Numbers have remained stagnant in the past few decades and the World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that a staggering 35%...

Women and modern day slavery; a role for Islamic law and tradition

Guardian Development continued its series on modern day slavery to focus on the plight of female migrant domestic workers. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO) female migrant domestic workers constitute a quarter to a third of the Middle East’s 22 million migrant workers. Further, “Female migrant workers engaged in domestic services are one of the most vulnerable groups of migrant workers … They are often subject exploitation or physical and sexual violence by their employers or clients.” Coinciding with the High Level Dialogue on Migration and International Development, the article calls on the UN to strengthen laws protecting these women, and for countries to ratify and implement the ILO’s domestic worker convention 189. While international conventions are important in providing recommendations and measures to fulfil important protective goals, they are notoriously difficult to enforce and ensure accountability. In the case of domestic worker convention 189, many countries, among them the UK, have yet to ratify it. There is thus an argument for encouraging national and cultural specific legislation to tackle these human rights abuses. In the case of the Middle East this inevitably falls to Islam in determining a legislative and cultural response. Looking to the Quran and the tradition of the Prophet Mohammed, there are many examples that expressly prohibit slavery and exploitation of labour: The Quran clearly states: “For me is a share of what they deserved and for women is a share of what they (f) deserved.” (4:32) While the Prophet posits: “Give the hired man his wages before his sweat dries.” And: “There are three people whose prayers Allah will not accept. One of...

Women in the Arab Entrepreneurial Spring

In the October edition of the Council on Foreign Relation’s “Women and Foreign Policy Update”, Gayle Tzemach Lemmon writes of the Middle East’s “Start-Up Spring”. The article details the growth of youth entrepreneurship in the region, which at 28.3% has the highest rates of youth unemployment in the world. It is important to be mindful that the piece is written from a US foreign policy perspective, and hence readers from the region may bristle at the assertion of “what few imagine”, and the lumping of varied economies into a homogenous entity. Ideally, it would benefit from including opinions from individuals active within the region to highlight how they view both their successes and future needs in growing their businesses. That aside, the piece offers an exciting picture of the entrepreneurial spirit and technology use that is allowing for the growth of micro to medium size businesses. Most pertinent within this picture is the role of women in what Lemmon terms “a revolution”. She writes: As was the case with the Arab Spring, women are a driving force in this revolution. Internet-based start-ups have given women a portal into the often male-dominated field of entrepreneurship. Arab female entrepreneurs are excelling and even surpassing their counterparts in other regions, making up about 35 percent of the region’s start-up labor force — more than three times the global average. Internet and technology start-ups, which can be launched and run from home or from all-female offices, are helping women tackle social, economic, and political barriers that often limit their employment opportunities and ability to contribute to local and regional economies. In addition to...